Inclusion means a lot of different things. Sometimes inclusion can be passive, sometimes it needs setup, and sometimes it needs ongoing effort and/or expense.
Sometimes inclusion is passive. In that sense, it’s the opposite of active exclusion.
Some examples of passive inclusion:
- Meeting in a building that happens to be accessible.
- Not harassing disabled people with intrusive unwanted “help”
- Seeing a conspicuously disabled adult alone in a public space without assuming it’s somehow an emergency or that they’ve escaped from needed supervision. (And therefore not bothering them.)
- Raising no objection when people bring service dogs into a store or some other place
- Not having an admissions policy that prohibits people with certain disabilities from enrolling in a school
Sometimes to get to passive inclusion, you have to spend some time changing one thing or setting it up. After the temporary period of active change, the inclusion becomes passive.
Some examples of inclusion that requires setup, but may not require ongoing active effort:
- Building a wheelchair ramp
- (Or renovating an unsafe ramp and bringing it up to code)
- Hiring an architect knowledgable about accessibility when you’re building a new building
- Making your book available on Bookshare
- Changing a restrictive admissions policy
Sometimes there is no passive way to include people. Sometimes inclusion means active ongoing effort or expense
A couple examples of active inclusion:
- Some people need captioning to understand speech reliably. (Including many people who can hear).
- Captioning takes time and human effort. Computers can’t do it; it has to be done by people.
- Live captioning has to be done by experts (in CART or TypeWell), and it’s inherently expensive.
- CART or TypeWell captioning events/classes in real time takes time, effort and expertise. It is inherently expensive.
- High quality captioning also requires ongoing collaborative effort with the providers - people doing the captioning need to understand the words you’re saying in order to transcribe them accurately. So they need to be provided with any acronyms, technical vocabulary, or culturally specific words you will be using.
- If videos and events/classes aren’t captioned, a lot of people are passively excluded.
- There’s no cheap or passive way to include them. Inclusion requires effort and resources.
Alternative format materials:
- Some people can’t read standard print.
- In order to access education or events involving print, they need materials in an accessible format
- (Eg: electronic copies, braille, scans, large print, audio recordings, or something else, depending on the person)
- Someone has to convert materials to an accessible format, every single time. This is inherently time consuming, and may in some cases require expertise or expensive equipment.
- Every time materials aren’t converted, print disabled people are excluded.
- There is no passive way to include print disabled people.
- Inclusion of print disabled people is only possible when communities and schools and teachers are willing to put effort, time, and resources into inclusion.
There are many, many more examples of all three types of inclusion. When we talk about inclusion, the conversation needs to be about all three. Passive inclusion, setup inclusion, and active inclusion are all vitally important. People with disabilities are worthy of time and money.
Tl;dr Sometimes inclusion is easy and sometimes it’s hard. Sometimes inclusion means that you stop actively excluding people, and include them by letting them be. Sometimes inclusion means setting something an access feature initially, then including people by letting them be. Sometimes inclusion takes ongoing effort and expense. Sometimes inclusion means you stop passively excluding people, and start actively including them. All of these forms of inclusion are vitally important.